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Soil Science


Programs in soil science teach people the properties of soil and how plants and soils interact.

Soil science programs teach students about a variety of topics.

Soil science programs include topics such as:


In soil science programs, students may be able to specialize in:


Very few schools offer associate degrees in soil science. An associate degree usually takes two years to complete. After earning an associate degree students can transfer to a college or university for further study.

Several colleges and universities offer bachelor’s degrees in soil science. In some cases, soil science is part of a agronomy, agriculture, ecology, or biology department. A bachelor's degree usually takes about four years of full-time study.

Several universities offer graduate degrees in soil science. A master’s degree typically requires two years of study beyond a bachelor’s degree. Doctoral (PhD) degree programs usually require two or more years of study beyond the master’s degree.

See schools that offer this program.

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Program Admission

You can prepare for this program of study by getting your high school diploma or GED.

Below is a list of high school courses that will help prepare you for this program of study:

Graduate Admissions

Admission to graduate programs is competitive. You need a bachelor's degree, good grades, and good test scores.

Additional requirements at some schools include:

Typical Course Work

Program Courses

This program typically includes courses in the following subjects:

Graduate Program Courses

Graduate study in soil sciences typically includes:

Many programs require extensive field study. You may even participate in a practicum, in which you study and evaluate soils under the supervision of an instructor. You determine the chemical and mineral make up of soils and what must be done to increase their health. You may also monitor crops.

Things to Know

Majoring in soil science does not always have an agricultural focus. Keeping healthy soils is important for wastewater disposal, water quality, ecosystems for animals, and land use.


East Side Area

Washington State University - Pullman