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Subject Index / Science / Biology / Health and medicine

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Medicine is the branch of health science and the sector of public life concerned with maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis and treatment of disease and injury. It is both an area of knowledge — a science of body systems, their diseases and treatment — and the applied practice — an art or craft — of that knowledge. However, medicine often refers more specifically to matters dealt with by physicians and surgeons. Medicine is both an area of knowledge (a science), and the application of that knowledge (by the medical profession and other health professionals such as nurses). The various specialized branches of the science of medicine correspond to the equally specialized medical professions dealing with particular organs or diseases. The science of medicine is the knowledge of body systems and diseases, while the profession of medicine refers to the social structure of the group of people formally trained to apply that knowledge to treat disease. Medicine comprises various specialized sub-branches, such as cardiology, pulmonology, neurology, or other fields such as sports medicine, research or public health.

ABO blood group system Achilles tendon Acne vulgaris
Albinism Allergy Alzheimer's disease
Analgesic Anemia Antibacterial
Antibody Antioxidant Appendicitis
Ascariasis Asperger syndrome Aspirin
Asthma Atherosclerosis Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Autism Autostereogram B vitamins
Beriberi Birth control Bleeding
Blind experiment Blindness Blood
Blood pressure Blood type Body mass index
Cancer Carbohydrate Cataract
Cataract surgery Chickenpox Child
Cholera Color blindness Common cold
Cornea Crohn's disease Cystic fibrosis
Deafness Death Diabetes mellitus
Diarrhea Dietary fiber Disease
Down syndrome Duchenne muscular dystrophy Earwax
Eczema Edema Emotion
Endoscopic foreign body retrieval Enterobius Epilepsy
Eye Eyelid Fatty acid
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder Fever Folic acid
Food energy Gastroenteritis HIV
HIV/AIDS Haemophilia Headache
Health Heart Helicobacter pylori
Henipavirus Hepatocellular carcinoma Hepatorenal syndrome
Hormone Human anatomy Humour
Hunger Huntington's disease Hypertension
Immune system Infection Infectious disease
Influenza Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 Insulin
Intelligence Introduction to viruses Kidney
Kuru (disease) Lens (anatomy) Leprosy
Lipid Lung cancer Lyme disease
MMR vaccine Malaria Malnutrition
Measles Medicine Meningitis
Menstrual cycle Morphine Multiple sclerosis
Mumps Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Myocardial infarction
Nanomedicine Nephron Nutrient
Nutrition Omega-3 fatty acid Orbit (anatomy)
Osteomalacia Otalgia Paracetamol
Pathology Pellagra Pernicious anemia
Pharmacology Pharyngitis Phineas Gage
Pneumonia Poliomyelitis Pregnancy
Prion Psychology Pupil
Rabies Retina Retinol
Rubella Schizophrenia Scurvy
Sickle-cell disease Smallpox Stem cell
Stroke Suicide Surgery
Tetanus Tobacco smoking Tooth development
Tooth enamel Tourette syndrome Trichinosis
Trichuris trichiura Tuberculosis Typhoid fever
Vaccination Vacutainer Weight training
Yellow fever
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