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Description Africa History Atlas

Diachronic map showing pre-colonial cultures of Africa (spanning roughly 500 BCE to 1500 CE)

This map is "an artistic interpretation" using multiple and disparate sources.
Date 1 May 2007
Source Own work
Author Jeff Israel ( ZyMOS)


These civilizations are shown on the map above

Mali Empire (done):
        [4], [5], [6], [7], [8](1300), 14

Nok Culture(done):

Fulani empire (aka sokoto empire, Sokoto Calphate, Fulani Empire of Sokoto)  (fulani people are different) (done):
        [2], [10e], [11e]
Akan States (generric term for states with the akan people)(Done): 
Benin: (done)
Hausa (done)
        [7], [10],[16]

Kingdon of Kangaba (1000AD?) (done)

Christian Ethiopia(done)

Songhai Empire (done)
        [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8](1300), [16]

Empire of Ghana (done):
        [4], [5], [6], [7]

Wolof: (15th century) (done)

Empire of Kanem:(done)

Fatimid caliphate(done) 909-1171AD

Ayyubid dynasty (done) 1171-1250ad
        [1b], [5e], [6e]

Umayyad Caliphate (done) 661-750

Yoruba yorubaland    (done)

Igbo    (done)

Great Zimbabwe (done):
        [5], [7]

Kingdom of aksum (Axum?) 1bc-7ad  (done)

Kongo Kingdom     (done)
        [1c], [2c],[15]

Luba State (done) 15-19th century

Lunda State (done) 15-19th century

Carthaginian Empire(done) (220BCE) Carthage
        [2c], [3c]

Persian Achaemenid Empire (done)

        [8e], [9e]

Civilizations to be added

These civilizations have not been added because the borders have not yet been confirmed, or there is some uncertainty if they are a true civilization. Please add them to the map if you are able to define the borders of these civilizations.

Kano (independent city-state) (1000-1903):

Kaarta (kingdom of Kaarta) (1753-1854):

Macina (Macina Empire) (aka Dina of Massina, Sise Jihad state, and Caliphate of Hamdullahi) (1818-1862):

Segou (city 1620):

Kingdom of Fouta Djallon (Futa Djalon or Kingdom of Fuuta Jallon):

Hausa Bakwai (initial stage Hausa):

Wassoulou Empire (Ouassoulou) (1878 - 1898) :

Kénédougou Kingdom (Kenedougou) (1650-1898):

Ouagadougou (15th century CITY):

Ashanti Kingdom:


Gando (16th century town):

kingdom of Takrur (c. 800 - c. 1285) :
        [8](1300), [13]

Oyo empire (1400-1796)

Bornu Empire (1396-1893):
        [2],[15], [10e]

Bornu-Kanem (a portion of kanem history where they merged):

Wodaabe (a people of africa):

Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt (1174-1820):

Kush?Kushite kingdom?:

Axum (see kingdom of aksum):

Buganda kingdom (changed to Unganda, but remained as Buganda people):


Malawi Empire (late 15th centure and converted to Malawi Contry):

Kilwa (Kilwa Kisiwani, 9th century,  is an Islamic community is present day tanzania):

        [2], [7]


Nubia(area in egypt, not kingdom):

Kingdom of Kerma(2500BC-1520BC):

=North Central=



Fur(a people:

Sudanes Central (language Central Sudanic):

=East Central=

Sudanes Meridional???:


Kunama(a people):


Aksumite Civilization
        [7b], [9b(maybey], [13b(aksum)]

Kingdom of Sheva???


JolofEmpire (also called Dyolof or Wolof), wolof should be changed to this:

Meroe(city, capital of Kushitic Kingdom)) 

Bantu(ethnic group)

Khoisan(ethnic group)

Almoravid Empire
        [5c], [1f]


Zulu Kingdom






Punt (3000BC-1000BC):
        location lost in time

D'mt (800BC-100BC):

Gudit (1000AD):

Zagwe Dynasty (1000-1268AD):
Solomonic dynasty (1270-1974AD)





Thutmoses 1

Ramesses II

Assurbanipal, empire of 

Editing this page and map

Suggestions before editing this map: Be sure to confirm it with multiple sources, and that it would be considered a true civilization. Also if you add to the map please name the layers and objects to keep it organized. A lot of the civilizations on this page do not have the times they existed. If this could be added it would be very beneficial. Then the map could be easily split into eras.


The original map came from

  • "The Harper Atlas of World History", 1987, William Collins Son & Co Ltd, New York, pg131
  • is [6b]
  • [1b]
  • [2b]
  • [3b]
  • [4b]
  • [5b]
  • [6b]
  • [7b]
  • [8b]
  • [9b]
  • [10b]
  • [11b]
  • [12b]
  • [13b]
  • [14b]
  • [15b]
  • [16b]
  • [1c]
  • [2c]
  • [3c]
  • [4c]
  • [5c]
  • [1d]
  • [1e]
  • [2e]
  • [3e]
  • [4e]
  • [5e]
  • [6e]
  • [7e]
  • [8e]
  • [9e]
  • [10e]
  • [11e]
  • [1f]
  • [1x]
  • [2x]


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