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Appliance Installers and Repairers

At a Glance

  • Use a variety of hand tools
  • Usually work alone
  • Sometimes wear protective gear
  • Train through a formal training program or on the job
  • Most have a driver's license and good driving record

Career summary

Appliance installers and repairers set up, service, and fix machines such as washers and refrigerators.


Most appliance installers and repairers specialize in large appliances such as washers, dryers, stoves, and refrigerators.

Appliance installers move the appliance into its proper place. Sometimes they need to do simple carpentry when installing built-in appliances. For example, they may drill or saw holes in floors or walls to make room for hoses or vents. They also may need to level washing machines and refrigerators.

Installers connect pipes from the appliance to the existing plumbing. When connecting an appliance that runs on natural gas they connect the appliance to gas lines and test for leaks. They measure the flow of gas and water to the appliance and make adjustments if necessary.

Appliance repairers fix appliances that are not working properly. They read work orders or talk to customers about the problem. They examine and run appliances to identify problems such as unusual noises, excessive vibration, fluid leaks, or loose parts. They may also use computerized testing devices to help diagnose problems.

Repairers make adjustments and replace belts, motors, heating elements, switches, and gears. They also tighten, align, and lubricate parts. They may replace circuit boards or other electronic components. Repairers refer to service manuals and wiring diagrams to locate problems.

Appliance installers and repairers often interact with customers. They answer questions, respond to complaints, and give information on the care of appliances. They provide repair estimates, prepare bills, and collect payments. Repairers also keep a log of the maintenance and repairs they make.

Related careers

This career is part of the Manufacturing cluster of careers.

Related careers include:

Job duties

Task list

The following list of tasks is specific to appliance installers and repairers.

Common work activities

Appliance installers and repairers perform the following tasks. These tasks are common to many careers.

Work requirements

Working conditions

In a typical work setting, appliance installers and repairers:

Interpersonal relationships

Physical work conditions

Work performance


Physical demands

Appliance installers and repairers frequently:

It is important for appliance installers and repairers to be able to:

It is not as important, but still necessary, for appliance installers and repairers to be able to:

Skills and abilities

Appliance installers and repairers need to:


Reason and problem solve

Manage oneself, people, time, and things

Work with people

Work with things

Perceive and visualize

Education and training

Educational programs

The programs of study listed below will help you prepare for the occupation or career cluster you are exploring.

Programs of study directly related to this occupation

Other programs of study to consider


To work as an appliance installer and repairer, you typically need to:

Education after high school

Some appliance installers and repairers complete a formal training program in appliance repair or electronics. Professional-technical schools or two-year colleges offer these programs. They grant a certificate or associate degree. In these programs you learn to read schematic drawings, analyze problems, and follow safety procedures. You also learn to determine whether to replace or repair parts.

On-the-job training

Most installers and repairers learn their skills through on-the-job training. This usually lasts six months to one year. An experienced worker teaches you the skills needed for the job. You begin as a helper and do basic tasks. As you gain experience you work on more complex tasks. Training covers:

Helpful high school courses

You should take a general high school curriculum that meets the state's graduation requirements. You will be required to take both math and science classes to graduate.

Helpful electives to take in high school that prepare you for this career include:

Many appliance installers and repairers are self-employed. If you want to run your own business some day, you should consider taking these courses as well:

The courses listed above are meant to help you create your high school plan. If you have not already done so, talk to a school counselor or parent about the courses you are considering taking.

You should also check with a teacher or counselor to see if work-based learning opportunities are available in your school and community. These might include field trips, job shadowing, internships, and actual work experience. The goal of these activities is to help you connect your school experiences with real-life work.

Join some groups, try some hobbies, or volunteer with an organization that interests you. By participating in activities you can have fun, make new friends, and learn about yourself. Maybe one of them will help direct you to a future career. Here are examples of activities and groups that may be available in your high school or community.

Things to know

Employers generally require that appliance installers and repairers have at least a high school diploma or equivalent. A pre-employment drug screening test and background check also may be required. Some employers prefer to hire workers who do not have any experience so that they can provide the training. Other employers prefer to hire workers who have completed formal training programs. Employers look for workers who are courteous and have excellent customer service and communication skills.

Applicants should have a driver's license and a good driving record. They should be able to keep the service vehicle maintained and well-organized.

#Took over national content and added drug/background requirements (by some employers) and some other skills needed per online job ads reviewed 2/6/18 cj.


Vocational or high school training in electronics, mathematics, and physics may provide a helpful background for entering the field. Human relations education and experience is valuable. More training will be needed to keep up with electronic systems used in appliances.

Costs to workers

Workers are required to supply their own hand tools. They may be required to join a union and pay an initiation fee and quarterly dues.


To protect consumers, some states require appliance repairers to be licensed. Requirements vary by state. In most states, however, licensing is optional.

In all states, mechanics who purchase or work with refrigerants must be certified. In this case, certification indicates that mechanics know how to handle refrigerants properly. To become certified to purchase and handle refrigerants, mechanics must pass a written exam. Exams are administered by organizations approved by the EPA, such as trade schools, unions, and employer associations. There is no formal training required for certification. For additional information about certification, contact Environmental Protection Agency (external link).

Job listings

Listed below are links to job categories from the National Labor Exchange that relate to this career. Once you get a list of jobs, you can view information about individual jobs and find out how to apply. If your job search finds too many openings, or if you wish to search for jobs outside of Washington, you will need to refine your search.

To get a listing of current jobs from the WorkSource system, go to the WorkSource website (external link).


Home appliance repairers (SOC 49-9031)

Pay Period
Washington Hourly $13.56 $16.06 $19.07 $23.60 $27.99
Monthly $2,350 $2,783 $3,305 $4,090 $4,851
Yearly $28,210 $33,410 $39,670 $49,080 $58,220
    Clarkston-Lewiston Hourly $8.03 $9.07 $15.55 $18.26 $21.42
Monthly $1,392 $1,572 $2,695 $3,164 $3,712
Yearly $16,705 $18,850 $32,348 $37,994 $44,555
    Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue Hourly $14.64 $17.49 $21.04 $25.00 $29.18
Monthly $2,537 $3,031 $3,646 $4,333 $5,057
Yearly $30,451 $36,383 $43,755 $51,993 $60,704
    Spokane-Spokane Valley Hourly $15.41 $16.21 $17.51 $18.83 $21.06
Monthly $2,671 $2,809 $3,034 $3,263 $3,650
Yearly $32,053 $33,713 $36,436 $39,160 $43,795
    Vancouver Hourly $13.20 $14.28 $16.76 $22.87 $27.92
Monthly $2,288 $2,475 $2,905 $3,963 $4,839
Yearly $27,454 $29,698 $34,866 $47,568 $58,057
United States Hourly $11.13 $14.62 $18.88 $24.09 $29.29
Monthly $1,929 $2,534 $3,272 $4,175 $5,076
Yearly $23,150 $30,410 $39,270 $50,100 $60,930

Wages vary by employer, area of the country, and type of appliance. The worker's level of skill, training, and responsibility also affect wages. Some installers and repairers receive a commission in addition to their wages. The commission is based on the number of installations and repairs they make per day.

Appliance installers and repairers who work full time usually receive benefits. Typical benefits include sick leave, paid vacation, and health insurance. Appliance installers and repairers who are self-employed must provide their own insurance.

Employment and outlook

Washington outlook


The table below provides information about the number of workers in this career in various regions. It also provides information about the expected growth rate and future job openings.

Home Appliance Repairers (SOC 49-9031)

Location Current employment Growth over 10 years Annual openings
Washington 1,054 -2.0% 16.1% 92
    Adams, Chelan, Douglas, Grant, and Okanogan Counties 89 -1.1% 13.4% 8
    Asotin, Columbia, Ferry, Garfield, Lincoln, Pend Oreille, Stevens, Walla Walla, and Whitman Counties 15 -6.7% 8.6% 1
    Benton and Franklin Counties 22 -4.5% 15.0% 2
    Clallam, Jefferson, and Kitsap Counties 41 -4.9% 11.9% 4
    Clark, Cowlitz, and Wahkiakum Counties 58 50.0% 15.2% 13
    Island, San Juan, Skagit, and Whatcom Counties 37 2.7% 14.6% 3
    King County 557 -7.4% 19.6% 41
    Pierce County 34 -14.7% 15.2% 2
    Snohomish County 68 -4.4% 12.4% 5
    Spokane County 110 1.8% 13.9% 11
United States 41,000 -2.0% 5.2% 4,300

National employment

About 24% of appliance installers and repairers are self-employed.

Major employers:

National outlook

Job growth is expected to show little to no change for appliance installers and repairers. One reason is that new appliances take longer before needing to be repaired than those built 20 years ago. In addition, some consumers prefer to buy new appliances instead of repairing their old ones. However, as consumers invest in more expensive appliances they should return to having them repaired. Many appliances are also becoming more complex. Homeowners may find they must call a repairer instead of fixing it themselves.

Job openings will occur as current installers and repairers leave this occupation.

Other resources

Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (external link)
1111 - 19th Street NW, Suite 402
Washington, DC 20036
National Appliance Service Technician Certification (external link)
3000-A Landers Street
Fort Worth, TX 76107
The International Society of Certified Electronics Technicians (external link)
P. O. Box 378
Hillsboro, TX 76645
United Servicers Association (external link)
3501 N. Southport Avenue, Suite 199
Chicago, IL 60657
Washington Business Week (external link)
PO Box 1170
Renton, WA 98057


Career cluster

Career path

O*Net (external link) occupation

O*Net job zone (external link)

DOT occupations

Holland occupational cluster