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Home Electronic Repairers

At a Glance

  • Fix TVs, radios, VCRs, DVD and CD players, and stereo components
  • Work in repair shops or in customer homes
  • Use a variety of hand tools
  • May work Saturdays
  • Most complete a formal training program

Career summary

Home electronic repairers install and repair a variety of electronic equipment.

#closest match is 3168 radio and tv service technicians

Home electronic repairers install and repair equipment such as:

Most home entertainment installers and repairers work on many types of equipment but some specialize in one type.

After installing a new system, home electronic repairers make sure customers know how to use it.

Before making repairs, repairers talk to customers to find out what is wrong. Repairers also estimate the repair costs and explain these figures to customers.

Home electronic repairers first check for common trouble spots. Sometimes the equipment only needs to be cleaned and have parts lubricated. If a routine check does not find the problem, repairers refer to diagrams and service manuals for help.

They use a variety of testing devices to diagnose malfunctions:

Repairers use hand tools to make repairs. They tune and adjust equipment for the best audio or visual reception.

Customers usually take small equipment to repair shops to be serviced. Repairers who work in shops have a full array of electronic tools and parts. These repairers are called bench technicians.

When larger equipment breaks down, repairers go to customers' homes to service it. These repairers are called field technicians. If a repair is complex, they may bring faulty components back to the repair shop for a comprehensive diagnosis.

Related careers

This career is part of the Manufacturing cluster of careers.

Related careers include:

Military careers

Job duties

Task list

The following list of tasks is specific to home electronic repairers.

Common work activities

Home electronic repairers perform the following tasks. These tasks are common to many careers.

Work requirements

Working conditions

In a typical work setting, home electronic repairers:

Interpersonal relationships

Physical work conditions

Work performance


Physical demands

Home electronic repairers frequently:

It is important for home electronic repairers to be able to:

It is not as important, but still necessary, for home electronic repairers to be able to:

Skills and abilities

Home electronic repairers need to:


Reason and problem solve

Manage oneself, people, time, and things

Work with people

Work with things

Perceive and visualize

Education and training

Educational programs

The programs of study listed below will help you prepare for the occupation or career cluster you are exploring.

Programs of study directly related to this occupation

Other programs of study to consider


To work as a home electronic repairer, you typically need to:

Education after high school

Most home electronic repairers complete a training program in electronics. Professional-technical schools and two-year colleges offer these programs. They grant a certificate or an associate degree. In this type of program, you learn the principles of electronics. You also learn how to use testing equipment and make repairs.

On-the-job training

Once on the job, home electronic repairers are paired with an experienced worker. This worker trains the new repairer on basic skills. As trainees gain skills, they work on more difficult repairs. Training may last up to one month.

Military training

Some branches of the military train people to be electrical products repairers. Training lasts four to 22 weeks, depending on your specialty. Additional training is on the job.

Helpful high school courses

You should take a general high school curriculum that meets the state's graduation requirements. You will be required to take both math and science classes to graduate.

Helpful electives to take in high school that prepare you for this career include:

Many home electronics repairers are self-employed. If you want to run your own business some day, you should consider taking these courses as well:

The courses listed above are meant to help you create your high school plan. If you have not already done so, talk to a school counselor or parent about the courses you are considering taking.

You should also check with a teacher or counselor to see if work-based learning opportunities are available in your school and community. These might include field trips, job shadowing, internships, and actual work experience. The goal of these activities is to help you connect your school experiences with real-life work.

Join some groups, try some hobbies, or volunteer with an organization that interests you. By participating in activities you can have fun, make new friends, and learn about yourself. Maybe one of them will help direct you to a future career. Here are examples of activities and groups that may be available in your high school or community.

Things to know

Employers prefer applicants who have basic knowledge and skill in electronics. Many prefer applicants with formal electronics training. Employers look for applicants who have hands-on experience repairing electronic equipment. They may also look for experience in reading diagrams. Some employers prefer repairers who are certified.

Field technicians work closely with customers. Employers look for applicants with good communication skills and a neat appearance. They may also require field technicians to have a driver's license.

People with no previous training may be hired as helpers to experienced technicians. Some employers may require certification by an association such as the International Society of Certified Electronics Technicians (listed in the Other Resources section of this description).

#Deleted reference to traing via 4-yr apprenticeship as I didn't find any info on it on the L&I website (as was Leo's comment, too.) 4/3/08, cj.


Continuing training is required to keep up with the changes in technology. Vocational or high school training in electronics, schematic reading, math, and physics may provide a good background for entering the field. A technician may specialize in one field, such as televisions, digital video disk players, or stereo components.

Costs to workers

Most workers are required to supply their own hand tools. Repairers may have to pay for certification tests. Some workers may be required to join a union and pay an initiation fee and quarterly dues.

Job listings

Listed below are links to job categories from the National Labor Exchange that relate to this career. Once you get a list of jobs, you can view information about individual jobs and find out how to apply. If your job search finds too many openings, or if you wish to search for jobs outside of Washington, you will need to refine your search.

To get a listing of current jobs from the WorkSource system, go to the WorkSource website (external link).


Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers (SOC 49-2097)

Pay Period
Washington Hourly $14.63 $16.29 $18.61 $25.13 $30.21
Monthly $2,535 $2,823 $3,225 $4,355 $5,235
Yearly $30,430 $33,890 $38,720 $52,270 $62,830
United States Hourly $11.00 $14.31 $18.35 $23.62 $28.62
Monthly $1,906 $2,480 $3,180 $4,093 $4,960
Yearly $22,870 $29,760 $38,160 $49,120 $59,530

Wages vary by the repairer's level of experience and training. Wages also vary by employer and area of the country.

Benefits vary by employer. Many full-time home electronic repairers earn typical benefits. These include vacation, sick leave, and health insurance. Self-employed repairers must provide their own insurance.

Employment and outlook

Washington outlook


The table below provides information about the number of workers in this career in various regions. It also provides information about the expected growth rate and future job openings.

Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers (SOC 49-2097)

Location Current employment Growth over 10 years Annual openings
Washington 505 12.3% 16.1% 68
    Clallam, Jefferson, and Kitsap Counties 17 0.0% 11.9% 2
    Island, San Juan, Skagit, and Whatcom Counties 22 18.2% 14.6% 3
    King County 199 14.6% 19.6% 28
    Kittitas, Klickitat, Skamania, and Yakima Counties 109 0.9% 13.8% 11
    Spokane County 138 18.1% 13.9% 20
United States 31,200 -1.3% 5.2% 3,300

National employment

About 16% of home electronic repairers are self-employed.

Major employers:

National outlook

There will be little to no growth in this occupation. Repairers will be needed to install and repair high-end equipment, such as digital televisions. However, growth will be limited because home entertainment equipment is less expensive than in the past. As equipment costs less, demand for repair services decreases. This is because it is often cheaper to replace equipment than it is to repair it.

Job openings will occur as workers retire or take higher paying jobs in other occupations that require electronics experience. Opportunities will be best for repairers who have experience, knowledge of electronics, and good customer service skills.

Other resources

Consumer Technology Association (external link)
1919 South Eads Street
Arlington, VA 22202
Electronics Technicians Association, International (external link)
5 Depot Street
Greencastle, IN 46135
National Electronics Service Dealers Association (external link)
PO Box 378
Hillsboro, TX 76645
The International Society of Certified Electronics Technicians (external link)
P. O. Box 378
Hillsboro, TX 76645
Washington Business Week (external link)
PO Box 1170
Renton, WA 98057


Career cluster

Career path

O*Net (external link) occupation

O*Net job zone (external link)

DOT occupations

Holland occupational clusters